The Dream and Promise Act of 2019, H.R. 6, is a bill introduced in the 116th Congress in the U.S. House of Representatives. If passed by both the House and the Senate and signed by the President, the bill would direct the federal government to establish an application process for certain immigrants to apply for lawful permanent resident status (LPR), commonly known as a “green card”, and eventually naturalize to become U.S. citizens.
Undocumented immigrants; Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients; and Temporary Protected Status (TPS) & Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) holders could all potentially benefit under the bill. H.R. 6 has three titles, Title I, which deals with Dreamers and DACA recipients; Title II, which deals with TPS and DED holders; and Title III, which contains provisions that benefit both populations.
Dreamers. For Dreamers to qualify for conditional permanent resident status (CPR), they must have: (a) entered the country before the age of 18; (b) lived in the United States for at least four years from the date of the bill’s enactment; (c) meet certain educational requirements; and (d) satisfy certain background requirements. To transition from CPR to LPR status, CPR holders must, within ten years: (a) obtain a higher education degree or satisfy two years in a higher education program; (b) complete two years of military service; or (c) be employed for at least three years. Per existing law, once an individual becomes an LPR (and waits five years in CPR and LPR status) they may apply to naturalize and become U.S. citizens. DACA recipients may immediately become CPRs.
TPS/DED. For current and former TPS/DED holders to qualify for LPR status, they must have held or been eligible for TPS or DED in September of 2016, even if that status was subsequently terminated. Current or former TPS/DED holders may apply for LPR status assuming they still meet certain background requirements. Again, after waiting five years in LPR status, individuals may apply to naturalize and become U.S. citizens.
The U.S. House of Representatives will markup the bill (e.g. move from the House Judiciary Committee to the floor) in May of 2019; and hold a vote on the House floor in that same month. In late March, the Senate introduced the Dream Act of 2019, a similar bill that would provide relief to Dreamers and DACA recipients. It is unknown whether the Senate will schedule a vote on the Dream Act of 2019 and, for now, the Alliance is dedicated to supporting the passage of H.R. 6 in the House.
For more information regarding the bill and its impact, please visit see the Partner Resources & Materials section of this toolkit.